In this video, presented at the Human Rights Council Social Forum of 8-9 October 2020, the Special Rapporteur explains why the « Poverty Matrix » helps to visualize the different factors that contribute to the perpetuation of poverty and how they related to one another. The matrix highlights the vicious cycles in which poverty breeds poverty. It also explains why public action can be ineffective (for instance, because of discrimination or corruption in the delivery of public service or because of the non-take-up of benefits), and why governments need to be supported by an enabling international environment.